What is Knee Replacement Surgery?

Total Knee Replacement Surgery, is a very commonly performed and effective mode of treatment of knee arthritis. In simple words, the joint surfaces which rub and cause pain are replaced with metal and specialized plastic surfaces. But it needs precision instruments and an expert surgeon to accurately replace the joint surfaces. The thigh bone end is replaced with a highly polished alloy substance and the upper end of the leg bone is replaced with a metal back and highly cross linked polyethylene substance. The same material is also used to replace the underside of the knee cap bone. It gets fixed immediately with special acrylic bone cement material and hence is good to use immediately.

When do I need a Knee Replacement Surgery?

If your knee pain is affecting your day to day activities, it is the time to consider Knee Replacement Surgery. If you get knee pain even after walking for a short distance, after climbing stairs or even standing for a while then there is a high possibility that your knee joint is wearing out. Typically the knee replacement surgery is advisable after  the age of 50 years, but it can be done in younger patients with severe painful knees especially with rheumatoid arthritis. There is no upper age limit and it can be done in patients with other medical problems like Diabetes, Hypertension, cardiac problems etc. A pain free, good quality of life is what a Knee replacement surgery promises you.

What are the advantages of doing a Knee Replacement Surgery?

Knee replacement surgery is one of the most predictable and most rewarding surgeries in the field of Orthopaedic Surgery. It has a high success rate and causes good pain relief. Patient can be able to walk for long distances and stand for hours without pain. The deformities of the knee seen before the surgery are also corrected so that the knee becomes straighter and the limp is gone. There is dramatic improvement in the function of the knee. The use of pain killers will become a thing of the past, so that there are no adverse effects on the Liver and Kidney. Obese patients can also reduce bodyweight by regular exercises and walking after surgery. The quality of life is definitely much superior to that before surgery.