Hip Replacement

Hip joint connects your thigh bone to pelvic bone. This is a ball and socket type of joint where a smooth ball connected to your thigh bone moves inside a socket situated in your pelvic bone. This joint can be damaged in various conditions; from arthritis to wear and tear. Total hip replacement is a surgery where the ball and sockets are replaced with artificial material. The purpose of this surgery is pain relief and improving one's mobility and level of activity.

Surgery is not a pleasant prospect for anyone, but for some people with arthritis, it could mean the difference between leading a normal life or putting up with a debilitating condition.This surgery is one of the most effective surgeries known and should give the patient many years of freedom from pain.

Hip replacement is performed for persistent pain arising from hip joint due to variety of reasons, most commonly because of arthritis. Arthritis is a general term covering numerous conditions where the joint surface (cartilage) wears out. The joint surface is covered by a smooth layer of a substance known as cartilage that allows pain free movement in the joint. This layer can be damaged in many conditions, leading to bone rubbing on the bone, causing pain. This happens in the following conditions:

  • Osteoarthritis- A common condition, it is seen in old people, exact cause of which is not known.
  • Childhood hip problems - Trauma, dislocation, Perthes's disease, slipped epiphysis, DDH (CDH) infection etc.
  • Fractures of the hip
  • Growth disorders of joints and bones
  • Avascular necrosis (loss of blood supply)
  • Rheumatoid arthritis